6_Objective-C Operators

Symbols tells the compiler to perform specific mathematical or logical manipulations. 

Types of operators

  • Arithmetic
  • Relational
  • Logical
  • Bitwise
  • Assignment
  • Misc

Arithmetic

Following table shows all the arithmetic operators supported by Objective-C language. Assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 20, then:

Operator Description Example
+ Adds two operands A + B will give 30
Subtracts second operand from the first A – B will give -10
* Multiplies both operands A * B will give 200
/ Divides numerator by denominator B / A will give 2
% Modulus Operator and remainder of after an integer division B % A will give 0
++ Increments operator increases integer value by one A++ will give 11
Decrements operator decreases integer value by one A– will give 9

Example of Arithmetic operators

Relational

Following table shows all the relational operators supported by Objective-C language. Assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 20, then

Operator Description Example
== Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if yes then condition becomes true. (A == B) is not true.
!= Checks if the values of two operands are equal or not, if values are not equal then condition becomes true. (A != B) is true.
> Checks if the value of left operand is greater than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A > B) is not true.
< Checks if the value of left operand is less than the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A < B) is true.
>= Checks if the value of left operand is greater than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A >= B) is not true.
<= Checks if the value of left operand is less than or equal to the value of right operand, if yes then condition becomes true. (A <= B) is true.

Note : later your will learn more about  Relational operator with conditions 

Logical 

Following table shows all the logical operators supported by Objective-C language. Assume variable A holds 1 and variable B holds 0, then:

Operator Description Example
&& Called Logical AND operator. If both the operands are non-zero, then condition becomes true. (A && B) is false.
|| Called Logical OR Operator. If any of the two operands is non-zero, then condition becomes true. (A || B) is true.
! Called Logical NOT Operator. Use to reverses the logical state of its operand. If a condition is true, then Logical NOT operator will make false. !(A && B) is true.

Note : later your will learn more about  Logical operator with conditions 

Bitwise

Bitwise operator works on bits and perform bit by bit operation.

Assume if A = 60; and B = 13; now in binary format they will be as follows:

A = 0011 1100

B = 0000 1101

Operator Description Example
& Binary AND Operator copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands. (A & B) will give 12, which is 0000 1100
| Binary OR Operator copies a bit if it exists in either operand. (A | B) will give 61, which is 0011 1101
^ Binary XOR Operator copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both. (A ^ B) will give 49, which is 0011 0001
~ Binary Ones Complement Operator is unary and has the effect of ‘flipping’ bits. (~A ) will give -61, which is 1100 0011 in 2’s complement form.
<< Binary Left Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved left by the number of bits specified by the right operand. A << 2 will give 240, which is 1111 0000
>> Binary Right Shift Operator. The left operands value is moved right by the number of bits specified by the right operand. A >> 2 will give 15, which is 0000 1111

Example of Bitwise Operators

Assignment Operators

There are following assignment operators supported by Objective-C language:

Operator Description Example
= Simple assignment operator, Assigns values from right side operands to left side operand C = A + B will assign value of A + B into C
+= Add AND assignment operator, It adds right operand to the left operand and assigns the result to left operand C += A is equivalent to C = C + A
-= Subtract AND assignment operator, It subtracts right operand from the left operand and assigns the result to left operand C -= A is equivalent to C = C – A
*= Multiply AND assignment operator, It multiplies right operand with the left operand and assigns the result to left operand C *= A is equivalent to C = C * A
/= Divide AND assignment operator, It divides left operand with the right operand and assigns the result to left operand C /= A is equivalent to C = C / A
%= Modulus AND assignment operator, It takes modulus using two operands and assigns the result to left operand C %= A is equivalent to C = C % A
<<= Left shift AND assignment operator C <<= 2 is same as C = C << 2
>>= Right shift AND assignment operator C >>= 2 is same as C = C >> 2
&= Bitwise AND assignment operator C &= 2 is same as C = C & 2
^= bitwise exclusive OR and assignment operator C ^= 2 is same as C = C ^ 2
|= bitwise inclusive OR and assignment operator C |= 2 is same as C = C | 2

Example of Assignment Operators

Misc Operators ↦ sizeof & ternary

There are few other important operators including sizeof and ? : supported by Objective-C Language.

Operator Description Example
sizeof() Returns the size of an variable. sizeof(a), where a is integer, will return 4.
& Returns the address of an variable. &a; will give actual address of the variable.
* Pointer to a variable. *a; will pointer to a variable.
? : Conditional Expression If Condition is true ? Then value X : Otherwise value Y

Example of Misc Operators ↦ sizeof & ternary

Operators Precedence in Objective-C

Operator precedence determines the grouping of terms in an expression

Certain operators have higher precedence than others; for example, the multiplication operator has higher precedence than the addition operator:

Category Operator Associativity
Postfix () [] -> . ++ – – Left to right
Unary + – ! ~ ++ – – (type)* & sizeof Right to left
Multiplicative * / % Left to right
Additive + – Left to right
Shift << >> Left to right
Relational < <= > >= Left to right
Equality == != Left to right
Bitwise XOR ^ Left to right
Bitwise OR | Left to right
Logical AND && Left to right
Logical OR || Left to right
Conditional ?: Right to left
Assignment = += -= *= /= %=>>= <<= &= ^= |= Right to left
Comma , Left to right

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